Choosing the right kind of water purification filters can be a time consuming, already daunting task. Sometimes you might feel like you need to get a master’s degree in water filtration technology so that you get something within your budget that’s going to work. Although, there’s quite a lot to know about this subject, it’s not all that hard. Especially if you understand a few facts about water quality and also about the various types of filters currently on the market.
The first thing you need to do is find out where you water comes from. If your water comes from your own well, then that’s all you need to know. If it comes from a public water treatment facility, you’ll need to find out how to contact them.
What you need to do is to find out what, if any, contaminants you usually have in your water. Is your problem dissolved asbestos, or is it microorganisms that can’t be deleted by your water treatment plant? To find out what contaminants there are in your well water, you’ll have to have it tested. Now, you can virtually use as much as you want testing water (thousands!). But for a associate of hundred dollars, you can get a sufficiently complex water testing kit from a number of companies on the Internet.
If you get public water, then they truly have to provide you with their test results. Personally, I would request these from the past year…not just the most recent test. Some pollution is seasonal. Once you know what you’re facing you can start to find out about various water purification filters that can be used to protect you from that, or those, impurities.
There are essentially four types of home water filtering systems, distillers, reverse osmosis systems, ultraviolet radiation systems, and carbon and ceramic filters. All of these have their strong points and ineffective points. Let’s look briefly at this.
Distillers are the gold standard of water purification filters, since they’re used in labs to make chemically inert water. Is this what you want to be drinking? Personally, I don’t like the flat taste of distilled water. Reverse osmosis systems make water that’s almost as flat as distillers do. They’re cheaper than distillers, but they’re very wasteful.
Ultraviolet light purifiers are great for decontaminating your water from living contaminants, like bacteria, viruses, or certain microorganisms. UV works great, but it does nothing for inorganic impurities. Carbon/ceramic water purification filters might be the best overall filters for you to use for home water. They’re capable of filtering out virtually everything that could possibly be in your water, they’re easy to continue, and they’re cost effective.